### Civil Engineering - Estimating and Costing MCQs Part 1

1. Pick up the excavation where measurements are made in square metres for payment.

A.
Ordinary cuttings up to 1 m
B.
surface dressing up to 15 cm depths
C.
Surface excavation up to 30 cm depths
D.
Both (b) and (c)
E.
Both (a) and (b)

2. The expected out turn of 2.5 cm cement concrete floor per manson per day

A.
2.5 sqm
B.
5.0 sqm
C.
7.5 sqm
D.
10 sqm

3. A portion of an embankment having a uniform up-gradient 1 in 500 is circular with radius 1000 m of the centre line. It subtends 180° at the centre. If the height of the bank is 1 m at the lower end, and side slopes 2:1, the earth work involved.

A.
26, 000 m3
B.
26, 500 m3
C.
27, 000 m3
D.
27, 500 m3

4. The correct prismoidal formula for volume is

A.
D [first area + last area + ∑ Even area + 2 ∑ odd areas]
B.
[first area + last area + 4 ∑ Even area + 2 ∑ odd areas]
C.
[first area + last area + 2 ∑ Even area + 4 ∑ odd areas]
D.
[first area + last area + 2 ∑ Even area + 4 ∑ odd areas].

5. The order of booking dimensions is

A.
B.
C.
D.
None of these.

6. As per Indian Standard Specifications, the peak discharge for domestic purposes per capita per minute, is taken

A. 1.80 litres for 5 to 10 users
B. 1.20 litres for 15 users
C. 1.35 for 20 users
D. All the above.

7. Pick up the item of work not included in the plinth area estimate

A. Wall thickness
B. Room area
C. Verandah area
D. W.C. area
E. Courtyard area.

8. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The bent up bars at a support resist the negative bending moment
B. The bent up bars at a support resist the sharing force
C. The bending of bars near supports is generally at 45°
D. All the above.

9. The brick work is measured in sq metre, in case of

A. Honey comb brick work
B. Brick flat soling
C. Half brick walls or the partition
D. All the above.

10. Brick walls are measured in sq. m if the thickness of the wall is

A. 10 cm
B. 15 cm
C. 20 cm
D. None of these.

11. Pick up the correct statement in case of water supply.

A. Pipes laid in trenches and pipes fixed to walls are measured separately
B. Cutting through walls and floors are included with the item
C. Pipes are classified according to their sizes and quality
D. In laying pipes, the method of jointing and fixing is specifically specified
E. All the above.

12. In case of laying gullies, siphons, intercepting traps, the cost includes

A. Setting and laying
B. Bed concreting
C. Connection to drains
D. All of these.

13. In long and short wall method of estimation, the length of long wall is the centre to centre distance between the walls and

B. half breadth of wall on each side
C. one fourth breadth of wall on each side
D. None of these.

14. The height of the sink of wash basin above floor level is kept

A. 60 cm
B. 70 cm
C. 75 cm to 80 cm
D. 80 cm

15. While preparing a detailed estimate

A. Dimension should be measured correct to 0.01 m
B. Area should be measured correct to 0.01 sqm
C. Volume should be measured correct to O.Olcum
D. All the above.

16. Pick up the incorrect statement regarding a master trap from the following :

A. It is provided in between the lower end of the house drain and the street sewer
B. It is provided a cleaning eye at the top of the trap
C. The height of fresh air inlet pipe fixed vertically with wall is 3 m
D. The mica flap valve which opens inwards only, is fitted at the top of the inlet pipe
E. The water seal is less than that of ordinary traps.

17. The concrete work for the following part of the building of specified thickness is measured in square metres

A. Root slabs
B. Floors
C. D.P.C.
D. Wall panels
E. All the above.

18. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The estimated value of the work excluding the amount for contigencies, work charged establishment, tool and plants, is called work value
B. The actual expenditure involved to complete a work including incidental, establishment and travelling charges, is called actual cost
C. The formal acceptance by the administrative department for incurring an expenditure on the work, is called administrative approval
D. The order of a competent authority sanctioning a properly detailed estimate of the cost of a work of construction or repair is called technical sanction
E. All the above.

19. The expected out turn of cement concrete 1 : 2 : 4 per mason per day is

A. 1.5 m3
B. 2.5 m3
C. 3.5 m3
D. 5.0 m3

20. The area of the cross-section of a road fully in banking shown in the given figure, is

A.
B.
C.
D. None of these

21. The plinth area of a building not includes

A. area of the walls at the floor level
B. area of stair cover
C. internal shaft for sanitary installations up to 2 sq m. in area
D. lift and wall including landing
E. area of cantilevered porch.

22. For 12 mm thick cement plastering 1 : 6 on 100 sq.m new brick work, the quantity of cement required, is

A. 0.200 m3
B. 0.247 m3
C. 0.274 m3
D. 0.295 m3

23. The minimum width of a septic tank is taken

A. 70 cm
B. 75 cm
C. 80 cm
D. 90 cm

24. The item of the brick structure measured in sq.m, is

A. Reinforced brick work
B. Broken glass coping
C. Brick edging
D. Brick work in arches.

25. The inspection pit or chamber is a manhole provided in a base drainage system

A. at every change of direction
B. at every change of gradient
C. at every 30 m intervals
D. at the point where vertical soil pipe joins the house drain
E. All the above.

26. In the mid-section formula

A. The mean depth is the average of depths of two consecutive sections
B. The area of mid-sections is calculated by using mean depth
C. The volume of the earth work is calculated by multiplying the mid-section area by the distance between the two sections
D. The volume of the earth work is calculated by multiplying the mid-section area by the distance between the two original sections
E. (a), (b) and (c) of the above.

27. The item of steel work which is measured in sq.m, is

A. Collapsible gates
B. Rolling shutters
C. Steel doors
D. Ventilators and glazing.
E. All the above.

28. The value of 'C' of Indian type W.C. shown in the given figure is :

A. 400 mm
B. 450 mm
C. 500 mm
D. 550 mm

29. The area of a sloping surface of a protective embankment of mean height d, side slopes S : 1 and length L is

A. d x d x s
B. d2 x (ds)2
C. L.D 1 + s2
D. 2 LD 1 + s2

30. If the formation level of a highway has a uniform gradient for a particular length, and the ground is also having a longitudinal slope, the earthwork may be calculated by

A. Mid-section formula
B. Trapezoidal formula
C. Prismoidal formula
D. All the above.

31. The most reliable estiamte is

A. Detailed estimate
B. Preliminary estimate
C. Plinth area estimate
D. Cube rate estimate
E. None of these.

32. The expected out turn of 12 mm plastering with cement mortar is

A. 2.5 sq m
B. 4.0 sq m
C. 6.0 sq m
D. 8.0 sq m
E. 10 sq m

33. The main factor to be considered while preparing a detailed estimate, is

A. Quantity of the materials
B. Availability of materials
C. Transportation of materials
D. Location of site and local labour charges
E. All the above.

34. The damp proof course (D.P.C.) is measured in

A. Cub.m
B. Sq m
C. Metres
D. None of these

35. The reduced levels of points, 30 metres apart along the longitudinal section of a road portion between chainages 5 and 9 are shown in the given figure. If there is a uniform up-gradient of the road 120 in 1, the chainage of the point with no filling or cutting is

A. (6 + 15) chains
B. (6 + 12) chains
C. (6 + 18) chains
D. None of these.

36. The area is measured correct to the nearest

A. 0.01 sqm
B. 0.02 sqm
C. 0.03 sqm
D. 0.04 sqm
E. 0.05 sqm

37. Cost of fittings and their fixing is specified for the following sanitary fittings

A. Water closets
B. Flushing pipes
C. Lavatary basins
D. Sinks
E. All the above.

38. The volume is measured correct to the nearest

A. 0.01 cum
B. 0.02 cum
C. 0.03 cum
D. 0.04 cum
E. 0.05 sum

39. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The earth work of cutting in trenches or borrow pits in fairly uniform ground is measured with the help of average depths of the dead men
B. The earth work in trenches or borrow pits in irregular ground is measured by taking the difference in levels before and after completion of work
C. The earth work in trenches or borrow pits, where neither a nor b is feasible, are measured from the fillings after deduction of voids
D. All the above.

40. Pick up the item whose weight is added to the weight of respective item, is

A. Cleats
B. Brackets
C. Bolts
D. Distance separators
E. All the above.

41. The total length of a cranked bar through a distance (d) at 45° in case of a beam of effective length L, is

A. L + 0.42 d
B. L + 2 x 0.42 d
C. L - 0.42 d
D. L - 2 x 0.4 d

42. While estimating a reinforced cement structure, the omitted cover of concrete is assumed

A. at the end of reminforcing bar, not less than 25 mm or twice the diameter of the bar
B. in thin slabs, 12 mm minimum or diameter of the bar whichever is more
C. for reinforcing longitudinal bar in a beam 25 mm minimum or diameter of the largest bar which is more
D. All the above.

43. The excavation exceeding 1.5 m in width and 10 sq.m in plan area with a depth not exceeding 30 cm, is termed as

A. Excavation
B. Surface dressing
C. Cutting
D. Surface excavation.

44. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. Dimensions are measured to the nearest 0.01 m
B. Areas are measured to the nearest 0.01 sq.m
C. Cubic contents are measured to the nearest 0.1 cm m
D. Weights are measured to the nearest 0.001 tonnes

45. If tensile stress of a steel rod of diameter D is 1400 kg/cm2 and bond stress is 6 kg/cm2, the required bond length of the rod is

A. 30 D
B. 40 D
C. 50 D
D. 53 D
E. 59 D

46. The measurement is not made in square metres in case of

A. D.P.C. (Damp proof course)
B. Form works
C. Concrete Jaffries
D. R.C. Chhajja.

47. According to ISI method of measurement, the order of the sequence is

D. None of these.

48. The assumption on which the trapezoidal formula for volumes is based, is

A. The end sections are parallel planes
B. The mid-area of a pyramid is half the average area of the ends
C. The volume of the prismoidal is over-es-timted and hence a prismoidal correction is applied
D. All the above.

49. The cross-sections for a highway is taken at

A. right angle to the centre line
B. 30 metres apart
C. intermediate points having abrupt change in gradient
D. the starting end points of the curves
E. All the above.

50. The detention period in a septic tank is assumed

A. 20 minutes
B. 25 minutes
C. 30 minutes
D. 40 minutes